Homemade Yogurt

1 1/2 cups nonfat dry milk solids (Lindon Cannery)
2 quarts very warm water
2 tablespoons starter culture (1 tbsp per quart of milk)
vanilla or other flavoring, optional
sweetener to taste, optional

Reconstitute nonfat dry milk using very warm water. Run the hot water over your wrist. It should feel hot, but not burn. Stir in milk solids and mix in the starter. Incubate in a warm place for 4 to 8 hours. After the yogurt is thick, place it in the fridge. It will stay sweet and fresh for about a week.


Add sweetener or flavoring extracts to water before adding dry milk powder. Stir in fruit after yogurt has thickened and while it is still warm, or add fruit to the bottom of individual containers, such as jelly jars, and then spoon warm yogurt over the fruit.


1) Add a little unflavored gelatin to the yogurt before incubating, about 1 1/2 teaspoons per quart of milk. Soften gelatin in about 1/2 cup cold water for 5 minutes. Heat and stir to dissolve. Mix with warm water before adding nonfat dry milk

2) After incubation, stir in some modified food starch (Ultra Gel) to thicken, add fruit and sweetener if desired.

3) Add 1/3 cup additional dry milk solids per quart of water for a thicker yogurt. This makes the yogurt thicker and also higher in calcium. Even when preparing yogurt from fluid milk, the results are better if you add a little extra nonfat dry milk for thickness.

The starter: Use plain yogurt containing active culture. Make sure it has not been pasteurized. You can use your own yogurt as a starter too, but eventually it becomes contaminated due to the introduction of foreign bacteria. Dried starters are available from health food stores.

Scalding the milk: It is not necessary to scald reconstituted nonfat dry milk. If using raw or homogenized milk, heat to 180 F, or until a thin “skin” forms on the surface. A double boiler usually works best for this. This eliminates competitive bacteria. Cool to 110 to 115 F. Test a couple drops on the inside of your wrist. The milk should feel hot, but not burn.

The incubation process:

There are many ways to incubate yogurt. It should be kept warm and rest undisturbed while it incubates.

Pour the warm milk combined with the starter, into a large preheated thermos and let it sit overnight.

Set the yogurt on top of a warm radiator, or close to a wood stove, or in a gas oven with the pilot operating.

Heat oven to 150 F, then turn off. Place yogurt in a covered container wrapped with towel or blanket. Close oven door. Leaving the oven light on will help keep it warm.

Place quart jars of yogurt in a a medium-sized picnic cooler and then add two jars filled with hot tap water, to keep the temperature warm enough.

Use a heating pad set on low. Cover pad with a folded towel, place the yogurt on top of it, and put a large bowl or stew pot upside down over the yogurt.

Dress it up

Sweeten plain yogurt at home with your favorite flavors. Just stir in fresh or frozen fruit (like frozen blueberries) and a dash (about 5 drops) of vanilla extract (or other extract) or a sprinkle of ground cinnamon. For example, you can make your own pina colada yogurt by mixing 1/8 cup of crushed pineapple (canned in its own juice) and a dash of coconut extract into 1/2 cup of plain yogurt.

Nutty toppings. I like to have a nice, nutty, and sweet trail mix in my kitchen at all times. Almonds, pecans, dried fruits, raisins, coconut, and other trail mix favorites come in handy as a topping for yogurt.


What to do with too much zucchini?

I don’t think I am the only one with this problem.  I have heard stories of people magically finding zucchini on their front porch or stashed in their car during church.   I faithfully pick all the zucchini I can find every morning–every last one jack one–and then later find at least one monster zucchini camouflaged under leaves.  Here is a tasty, convenient and healthy way to preserve this abundance for cold winter days when it can be appreciated.

Pureed Soup Base

  • 3 large onions, thinly sliced
  • 6 tablespoons butter or vegetable oil
  • 1/4 cup water
  • 18 cups thinly sliced summer squash
  • 3 medium cloves garlic, minced
  • 2 1/4 teaspoons salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly-ground black pepper
  • 1 cup minced, fresh herbs (parsley, basil, or tarragon)

In a large skillet, saute onions until soft in butter or vegetable oil.  Add water, squash, peppers, garlic, salt, and pepper.  Cover mixture and cook slowly for 3 minutes.  Remove from heat and add fresh parsley, basil, or tarragon.

Puree mixture in processor, blender, or food mill.  Cool mixture to room temperature and pack in pint freezer containers.

For soup.   Combine 1 1/2 cups of milk with each pint of thawed puree.  Add 1 cup of chicken broth or its equivalent in granules.  Season to taste and serve soup hot.

For a baked squash dish.  Add 2 beaten eggs to 1 pint of thawed puree.   Pour mixture into a greased baking dish.   Sprinkle with 1/2 cup Parmesan cheese.  Place dish in a larger container with 1 inch of water and bake at 350 degrees F. for 30 minutes.

Source:  The New Zucchini Cookbook, by Nancy C. Ralston & Marynor Jordan

Ileen’s comments:  Yes, 1/4 cup is all the water you need.  [I think the 3-minute cooking time given in the cookbook was a printing error.]  Bring to a boil and then reduce the heat to low and simmer, stirring occasionally, until the zucchini is soft and has released its juice.  This will take a while, but when the vegetables are cooked the liquid does indeed completely cover all of them.  I used a 6-quart heavy pan.   I didn’t have quite enough zucchini, so I added a sliced cucumber and a few green beans.  I have made this with red or yellow peppers I had in the freezer when I didn’t have green peppers, and it tasted fine.  You can use monster zucchini, seeds and all, and you will never know they are there.  I also use virgin coconut oil or avocado oil instead of regular cooking oil.

I added a big handful of basil leaves (about 2 cups loose leaves) and used an immersion blender to puree the soup.  This still left little green flecks of basil, so I processed the soup in my Vita-Mix blender and then poured it into the freezer containers.

To make  the soup, I used the thick, canned coconut milk thinned with water 1:1 in place of regular milk cow’s milk.   I did not add the additional water or chicken broth to the soup, as I like it thick and creamy.

You could add any garnishes or extras you like.

Yield:  About 10 to 12 cups of puree or enough to make five batches of soup.  Each batch will serve four.


One more cereal

I found an old family favorite deep in my recipe box recently.  I haven’t even thought about this for a long time, but as I look at it through the eyes of a whole-food diet, I see it has real possibilities.  It’s not perfect, but healthier than most prepared cereals.

I got this granola recipe from my mother-in-law way back in the 1970’s.  She lived in Utah, and our family was living in the “mission field” (Fisher, Minnesota, a border town near Grand Forks, North Dakota), and it took a long time for good stuff like this to reach branches of the Church in other states.  The Relief Society (women’s auxiliary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) General Board in Salt Lake City distributed this recipe to Utah congregations with suggested activities for local monthly Relief Society meetings.  Try it, and see if you don’t think it is a keeper.

Relief Society Granola

  • 8 cups old-fashioned rolled oats
  • 6 cups rolled wheat
  • 2 cups wheat germ or rice polish
  • 2 cups coconut
  • 1 1/4 cups brown sugar, packed
  • 1 cup vegetable oil
  • 1 cup water
  • 1/2 cup honey
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 3 teaspoons vanilla
  • dried fruit
  • nuts

Combine rolled oats, rolled wheat, wheat germ, coconut and brown sugar.  Mix until blended.  In a large measuring cup or bowl, combine salt, honey, water, vanilla, and oil.  Add to dry ingredients and mix well.  Spread in two large, flat roasting pans and bake at 225 degrees F. about a 1/2 to 2 hours, stirring occasionally until cereal is almost dry to touch.  It will  finish drying as it cools.  Stir in dried fruit and nuts as desired.

Ileen’s revisions: I see that I have altered this recipe quite a bit over the years.  Here’s my current list of ingredients.

  • 8 cups old-fashioned rolled oats
  • 6 cups rolled wheat if you have it, or add more rolled oats
  • 2 cups wheat germ, rice polish or oat bran
  • 2 cups unsweetened coconut
  • 1/2 cup virgin coconut oil
  • 1 1/2 cups water
  • 1 cup honey
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 3 teaspoons vanilla
  • 1 cup raisins, dates, dried apples or other dried fruit
  • 1 cup chopped walnuts or sliced/slivered almonds

Mix and bake as above.

I recently discovered that my Nesco American Harvest counter-top food dehydrator dries the granola very well.  I like it better than that dried in the oven.  I set the dehydrator at 145 degrees F. and let it run for about two hours or until cereal is almost dry to touch.  It will finish drying as it cools.

Yield:  about 6 quarts.

Chia Pudding

  • 1 1/4 cup almond or coconut milk
  • 3 to 4 tablespoons honey or maple syrup
  • 2 tablespoons cocoa powder
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla or cinnamon
  • 1/3 cup chia seed

Mix all ingredients except chia seed with a whisk or immersion blender.  Add chia seed and whisk immediately, so the seed doesn’t clump and stick together.   Let stand several hours or overnight in the fridge.  Mine set up in about 3 hours.  You may grind the chia seed briefly in a blender if you like.  Just be sure to grind enough seed to cover the blades of the blender.  Makes about 2 cups.

Variation :

  • 2 1/2 cups almond milk
  • 3 tablespoons agave nectar
  • 1/2 cup chia seeds
  • 1/2 teaspoon grated lemon zest

I think you could also use any liquid you like; It doesn’t have to be almond milk.  The point is to increase the amount of sticky fiber eaten to feed beneficial bacteria in the gut.    How about just plain water or even fruit juice?  Of course you would have to adjust the sweetener and other seasonings.

Makes about 4 cups

Easy Chia Drink:

Mix together 1 tbsp chia seed and 8 ounces fruit juice.




Stocking the refrigerator

If you have committed to eating healthy, nutrient-dense food, you may find yourself shopping for vegetables more often or spending more time in your vegetable garden.  It is easier to pick your produce from displays in the grocery store, but the downside is that most grocery-store fruits and vegetables are all but dead before they get to your table.  The garden option takes more time and effort, but the harvest will be healthier, tastier, and provide some physical exercise.  Farmer’s markets that sell local, in-season fruits and vegetables are another option.

It helps to survey the contents of the fridge before shopping to make sure there is a place to put the bags of produce from market.  This is also a good time to clean the fridge and take inventory so you don’t buy stuff you already have.  Stick to your list to reduce the temptation to buy more than you can eat before foods expire.  Collect almost-gone greens, herbs, potatoes with eyes, carrots that are sprouting, and anything else that still has food value, shove it all in a plastic bag for soup stock and refrigerate until you can include trimmings from fresh vegetables.

On shopping day, consider not only the perishable produce that you plan to eat in the next few days, but also try to stock the pantry and freezer with foods you use on a regular basis such as frozen fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, dry legumes, grains, etc.  If you are on a tight budget and can’t afford to buy organic, just remember that it is better to buy non-organic produce than not buy any at all!

Head to the store early in the day, so you will have time to wash and chop your haul and set the soup pot simmering before you run out of steam.  If you have enough energy, you can even prepare a vegetable soup to go with your fresh salad for supper.


Karen’s Green Soup

  • 1 lb. green beans, fresh or frozen
  • 3 small zucchini, sliced (about 6 cups chopped)
  • 2 cups sliced celery
  • 1 cup parsley, optional
  • 1 pound spinach, or other greens, or a mixture
  • onion and/or garlic, optional
  • Salt and pepper to taste.

Put all ingredients in a large pot.  Barely cover with vegetable broth.  Season to taste with anything you like and cook until tender.  Cool soup slightly and purée with an immersion blender or blend in small batches in a regular blender or food processor.

When serving, add extras like avocado, mushrooms, croutons, different spices, whatever, to give added texture or variety.  Leftover brown rice makes a hearty addition too.

Use any greens you have on hand or use frozen spinach, kale, or even lettuce.  Always keep green beans in the freezer, so when you have vegetables that need using up before they go bad, you can make a batch and freeze.  Beans from the garden that are a bit past their prime (should have been picked yesterday) are good candidates for this recipe.

The soup is smooth and creamy and freezes well; but the texture might be watery when you thaw it if too much cooking broth or water is used.

This may not be the most elegant soup you have ever made, but it could well be the most nutritious.

More Breakfast Cereal

Multigrain Hot Cereal

3 cups water (4 cups with cracked grains)
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 cup Multigrain Hot Cereal Mix

Bring 3 cups of water and salt to a boil. Rinse 1 cup of the mix under cold water, then add to the pan and cook over medium-low heat for about 1 hour. Let rest, covered, about 10 minutes before serving.

To reduce cooking time:
The night before bring 3 cups of water and salt to a boil. Rinse 1 cup of the mix under cold water, then add to the pan. Turn off heat, cover and let rest until morning. Reheat in the morning and serve.

Slow Cooker:
Place 3 cups of water, 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1 cup of rinsed mixture in a slow cooker (crock pot). Cook on low heat setting for 8-10 hours.

Add a dash of cinnamon, nutmeg or mace to the cooking water for extra flavor; or try adding 1/4 cup currents or raisins.

Servings: 4
Yield: about 4 cups

Crack 1 cup cereal mix in blender until kernels are about half the original size. Bring 4 cups of water to a boil, add salt and stir in cracked cereal (and perhaps a little honey). Reduce heat and simmer for at least 20 minutes. Remove from heat and allow to stand for 10 minutes or so to thicken. This mixed cereal does not stick to the pan like Seven Grain Cereal does.

Since all slow cookers do not cook exactly the same, I recommend the first time you make this, do it during the daytime so you can watch it, note stop and start times and temperature settings.


Multigrain Hot Cereal Mix

4 cups oat groats (whole oats)
1/2 cup brown rice
1/2 cup quinoa
1/2 cup barley
1/2 cup millet
1/2 cup rye
1/2 cup spelt berries or soft wheat

Combine all the ingredients (or as many as you choose to use) in a large container and mix well. Store in an airtight container until ready to use.

Servings: 42
Yield: 7 cups

Note:  If wheat bothers you, just leave it out or increase another grain by the same amount.

Source:  Sorry, I don’t remember where I got this recipe.  😦


Overnight Pineapple Oats

2 cups old-fashioned rolled oats
1 (8-ounce) can unsweetened crushed pineapple
1-1/2 cups rice or soy milk
1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon ground cardamom
1/8 teaspoon salt
1 to 2 ripe bananas, sliced
1/4 cup chopped toasted nuts, sunflower seeds, or untoasted, ground flaxseed

In a medium glass bowl or nonreactive storage container, combine the oats, pineapple, rice milk, cardamom, and salt.  Stir well, cover, and refrigerate overnight.

In the morning, stir in the slices bananas.  Divide evenly among four bowls and top each serving with 1 tablespoon toasted nuts.  If you wish, top the chilled oatmeal with more fresh fruit in season, such as strawberries, blueberries, or sliced peaches.
Makes 4 servings
Source:  Short-Cut Vegan, Lorna Sass

Wheat-Free Breakfast Porridge

Steamy Breakfast Porridge

“Cooking cereals slowly, preferably overnight, is advantageous for several reasons. . . Phytates bind  minerals.  They are found in all grains and to a lesser extent in the non-grain alternatives.  The binding causes a high percentage of the minerals to be unavailable to the body.  When we say a cereal provides us with so much iron and calcium, that’s rather hypothetical.  The food may contain that much, but the amount our bodies can actually utilize is general much, much less.   Long, slow cooking breaks down the phytates without destroying the other nutrients.   And we have a much better chance of absorbing and utilizing those nutrients–especially if our digestive system is compromised.”

“Slow cooking makes the flavor more mellow, with a little more natural sweetness coming through.  And since you’re avoiding sweeteners, that improved flavor can be very important.” (The Yeast Connection Cookbook by William G. Crook, M.D. and Marjorie Hurt Jones, R.N.)

Basic Method:
Start with cool, room-temperature water to keep the cereal from lumping in boiling water.  Combine ingredients in slow cooker the night before.  Cook all night.  In the morning beat until creamy; divide into 2 hearty servings.  Enjoy “as is” or top with fresh fruit, dried fruit, frozen berries, and/or nut milk.  The one-quart slow cooker is ideal for cooking porridge for one to three people.  Or double the recipe and use the low setting for larger slow-cookers.
3/4 cup amaranth, 3 1/2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Whole seeds are best for porridge.
3/4 cup amaranth flour, 3 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Whisk flour into the water and cook to a smooth gruel for small children or invalids.
1/2 cup buckwheat, 3 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Grind unroasted groats to coarse meal in a blender OR use Cream of Buckwheat cereal.
1/2 cup millet, 2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Use whole grains of millet.
Oats, rolled
1/3 cup regular rolled oats, 1/3 cup oat bran, 2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Combine rolled oats and the oat bran, stir in water.  Oat bran lowers cholesterol plus produces creamier porridge.
1/2 cup whole quinoa, 2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Rinse whole quinoa well 3 or 4 times for best flavor.
1/3 cup whole quinoa, 2 tablespoons quinoa flour,  2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Rinse whole quinoa well 3 or 4 times for best flavor.  Flour version is extra creamy.
1/3 cup cereal, 2 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Tested with Rice & Shine from health food store [Maybe cracked rice?].   Be sure to read labels.  Supermarket Cream of Rice is white and refined.
1/2 cup cereal, 1 3/4 cups water, 1/4 teaspoon salt.  Tested with Cream of Rye from health store (rolled flakes).  Flavor is pleasant and mild.
Author: Marjorie Hurt Jones, R.N.
Source: The Yeast Connection Cookbook
Cooking time and temperature may need to be adjusted.  My one-quart slow cooker over-cooked the cereal in 8 hours.  My two-quart slow cooker took the whole night and then some to cook steel-cut oats.  The first time you make this I recommend you try cooking it during the day so you can note start and stop times and setting for your specific cooker.

Steel-cut Irish Oats

4 cups water
1 cup steel-cut oats
1/2 teaspoon salt, or taste
Optional additions:
1/4 cup honey or maple syrup
1/4 to 1/2  cup  raisins, dried cranberries or dried blueberries
2 to 4 teaspoons cinnamon, optional
Mix water, oats and salt in a two-quart slower cooker.  Cook on Low overnight (test this during the daytime to determine the size and settings for your slow cooker.
Bring 4 cups water to a boil. Add 1 cup steel-cut oats and stir well. When the mixture starts to thicken slightly, reduce heat and simmer uncovered for 30-40 minutes, stirring occasionally.  Stir in optional additions.
Bring the water to a boil, add the oats and salt, stir and turn off the heat. Cover and let rest overnight.  In the morning, bring the heat up on the pot and cook over low heat, uncovered for about 10 to 12 minutes.  Add optional ingredients if desired.  To add a bit of sweetness to the oats, add a few currents to the water before boiling.
Serves 4

Add A Green Smoothie

Think of healthy eating as adding foods you can eat, not removing all the foods you love and enjoy.  Green smoothies are a great place to begin as they are quick, easy, nutritious, versatile, and they taste good.  What more could you ask for breakfast?

Begin with a little water, some ice cubes, one or two fruits–such as pears, bananas, apples–a stalk of celery, and a handful of greens, any kind–spinach, kale, lettuce, etc.  You can even add some raw oatmeal if you like.   Whip all this up in a high-speed blender.  If using a standard blender, cut ingredients into smaller pieces and maybe add more liquids.  (For example, blend hard ingredients such as celery in the liquid first, and then add softer foods cut into smaller pieces.)

If you have a hankering for ice cream, but trying to avoid dairy products, reduce liquids and add more ice.  You’ll need a high-speed blender for this.

Recipes for green smoothies abound on the Internet, and with a little trial and error you will settle on a few favorites.   Not only are smoothies healthy and taste good, but they are a godsend for anyone who has trouble chewing or swallowing, like the elderly.

Here are some of my favorites.

Melon Smoothies

Blend cantaloupe, honeydew, or watermelon.  Add a little ice if you like and a big handful of pre-washed-and-packaged baby spinach, kale, or “power greens.”  Blend and enjoy.   This is a delicious way to use up slightly over-ripe melons.

The hardest part of this recipe is cutting up the melon and disposing of the rind, which brings up composting, but that’s a topic for discussion later.

Banana Smoothies

One thing for sure is you’ll want to add bananas to your weekly shopping list.  They make a great snack, and can  be added to almost any smoothie.  Peel over-ripe bananas and freeze in plastic bags to use in smoothies.  Add them to melon smoothies along with apples or pears.

Bananas and seasonal fruits like apricots and peaches make a tasty blend.   If you have frozen peaches, use fresh bananas, or if it is peach season, use fresh peaches and frozen bananas.

Toss in greens from the garden if you have them.

Frozen Fruits

 I love fresh berries, any kind, but they spoil within a day or two, especially if harvested green and shipped long distances.  More convenient are frozen berries.  Keep bags of frozen blueberries, strawberries and mixed berries in the freezer to add to banana smoothies.  Berries taste good and good for you.

Additions of frozen or fresh seedless grapes or pineapple do a lot to “sweeten the pot.” If you have a grape-vine in your yard, pick, wash, package and freeze every last one.  No other preparation is necessary.

Now it’s time to create your own favorite blend; but don’t forget the greens!

Eat your vegetables!

Remember what your mother said?  “Eat your vegetables!”  She knew what she was talking about.   Half of your plate should be vegetables but few people in the United States eat more than one token vegetable with lunch and dinner, and that’s usually something like corn or French fries.

The problem is that we don’t give our bodies the nutrients needed to repair and maintain health.  Without these nutrients, the body has to compensate.  Eventually health declines and degenerative disease takes over.

I have been doing a lot of reading lately trying to identify several health issues.  All the sources recommend eating whole food rather than “fake” food that has been created or manufactured by man.  I know first hand that it isn’t easy to change one’s way of eating.  I am still working on it, but I would like to share some of my new-found knowledge.  As I continue to learn, I may update my posts.

What to eat:

  • All the vegetables you can get your hands on, especially greens.
  • Fruits in moderation.
  • Whole grains in moderation.
  • Legumes.
  • Healthy fats–almond oil, virgin coconut oil, flaxseed oil, olive oil.
  • Nuts and seeds.
  • Eat meat, fish, and poultry sparingly, if at all.

What to avoid:

  • Anything white–white flour, sugar, white rice.
  • Sugar–all kinds.
  • Dairy products, especially milk and cheese.
  • Processed cooking oils containing mostly omega 6 fatty acids, such as canola, peanut, sunflower, etc.  (As a culture we eat way too much omega 6 oil and not nearly enough omega 3 oil.  The ideal ratio would be 1:1, and it is actually about 15:1).
  • Soft drinks.
  • Alcohol.
  • Tobacco.
  • Caffeine.
  • Artificial sweeteners.
  • Food preservatives.

Now lest you start whining that there is nothing left to eat, let me remind you there are many cultures in the world that survive very well without any wheat, milk, or sugar.   Once you conquer sugar withdrawal (about 2 to 4 weeks), you will  begin to feel much better, and you are likely to lose weight.

Start with small changes by just adding more vegetables and eating smaller servings of starchy food.  Have fruit for dessert.  After an hour, if you are still hungry, eat more.  Never mind counting calories.

Stay tuned for more suggestions and recipes. . .

**Please feel free to add your comments and/or suggestions.**

Mom’s Oatmeal Cookies

Lila Steele Judd

Oatmeal cookies would have been a fall or winter treat, as no one in their right mind would build a fire in the cook stove and heat up the kitchen when the temperature was already hot.


When Mom made these oatmeal cookies she did not have a mixer or a modern electric or gas cook stove.  Mixing was done by hand in a bowl with a wooden spoon.  On the farm there were no cabinets other than a few shelves for dishes, so  the kitchen table served as the work space.

One may think four eggs would be too many, but eggs were one food we had in abundance, since Dad was raising chickens.  And the skim milk was not the same as the skim milk we know today.  Since our milk was not pasteurized, the cream would rise to the top and could be skimmed off and used to make butter, or better yet, to make ice cream or fudge!  No chocolate chips either, but we did have raisins.

The cookies were baked in the oven of the coal cook stove.  The only way to know if the oven was the right temperature was by feel.  Mom would open the oven door and quickly wave her hand to check the temperature.  She always baked one or two test cookies, which she broke in half to check the doneness.  If you were lucky you got to sample a test cookie.    There was no kitchen timer, so she had to watch the clock or go by how they smelled to know when to take them out of the oven.

Mom’s Oatmeal Cookies

1 cup shortening
2 cups sugar
4 eggs
1 teaspoon vanilla
2/3 cup skim milk
3 cups regular rolled oats
3 cups flour
1 teaspoon baking soda
2 teaspoons baking powder
1/2 teaspoon salt
2 teaspoons cinnamon
2 cups raisins

Wash raisins in hot water and drain. Cream shortening with sugar, then add eggs and vanilla. Combine rolled oats, flour, soda, baking powder and salt and cinnamon. Add to creamed mixture alternately with milk. Stir in raisins. Drop on greased cookie sheet and bake at 375 degrees for 10 to 12 minutes.

Yield: About 5 dozen cookies.